Doctors emit various types of cough, which becomes a frequent companion of childhood diseases. We treat a cough in a child at home, depending on the disease and the type of cough, so as not to harm and bring recovery to the maximum.
What you will find in this article:
Why do you have a cough?
Cough is one of the ways to protect the body from the ingestion of foreign bodies, pathogenic microorganisms, excess sputum, which is produced in the body for some reason.
A series of sharp, involuntary exhalations results from the irritation of cough receptors located in the pharynx, larynx, bronchi, and lungs.
It is believed that cough accompanies respiratory diseases, but it can be disturbed when:
- diseases of the digestive tract
- metabolic disorders
- pathologies of the heart and blood vessels
- the presence of parasites
- neurological problems
- allergic reactions
- violations by the ENT organs
The load on the vocal cords, the throat can lead to hoarseness and complete loss of voice, sleep is disturbed in children, appetite is lost, vomiting can occur as a result of severe spasms.
Types of cough and treatment depending on the symptoms
Experienced mothers know that a child’s cough is different, and treatment must be chosen depending on the type of cough, duration, strength, productivity, type of sputum and associated symptoms.
For the duration of the symptoms, it is:
- acute, up to 2 weeks;
- protracted, up to 3 months;
- chronic, from 3 months
Based on the strength emit:
- strong hysterical, up to gagging
If you evaluate the outgoing sputum, then the cough may be:
- dry, characterized by sore throat, sore throat, sore, obsessive. Usually he is very worried about the child, interferes with sleep. Sputum is either not separated at all, or its discharge is difficult due to the high viscosity;
- wet - accompanied by the release of a large amount of sputum. Phlegm is a secret produced in the bronchi and lungs, so with an excess of sputum when coughing, squishing, gurgling sounds are heard.
A productive wet cough is also different:
- SARS, bronchitis in the acute stage, bronchial asthma is accompanied by the separation of colorless viscous mucus from the respiratory tract;
- Chronic bronchitis and pneumonia are determined by viscous sputum with mucus and pus of yellowish or greenish color, in addition, in childhood can indicate pathology of upper respiratory tract;
- In severe viral infections, aggravated by a bacterial component, blood streaks may be present in clear mucus. They appear as a result of microtraumas of the mucous membrane and capillaries of the respiratory tract;
- Serous frothy sputum indicates developing pulmonary edema. Immediate medical attention is required;
- Blood clots, rust color may become a messenger of pulmonary hemorrhage, it is required to examine the child carefully and urgently.
Bronchial asthma is accompanied by spastic coughing. Due to the sharp narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi, the flow of air into the lungs becomes difficult, the exhalation becomes long, wheezing, and wheezing. In a child under 2 years of age, similar symptoms indicate obstructive bronchitis.
But if there are no catarrhal manifestations, and the spastic attack began suddenly, then a foreign body is most likely to enter the airways.
How and what to treat cough in children?
Having gained experience while communicating with pediatricians and therapists, parents know about how to cure a child's cough at home with the help of medicines and folk remedies. However, this symptom occurs within many diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to distinguish between types of cough and know the methods of successful treatment at home.
Pharmaceutical agents to combat cough are divided into three main groups:
- Mucolytic drugs, the purpose of which is to make sputum less viscous and to facilitate its discharge;
- Expectorant drugs for removing sputum from the respiratory tract. Such substances increase the cough;
- Drugs that affect the cough center of the brain and reduce its activity.
The main task during treatment is to make a dry cough wet, i.e. - productive, and then rid the body of excess sputum.
An incipient dry cough with lesions of the upper respiratory tract is painful and intrusive. The child has a sore throat, he sneezes, sleep and appetite are disturbed.
If the disease proceeds without temperature, then it should be treated with abundant warm drinks and inhalations, including hot, with herbs and soda-saline solution. The child should do inhalation only under the supervision of an adult, after a meal should take at least 30 minutes.
A coughing baby for a long time must be examined by specialists. It is necessary to exclude helminthic invasions, allergies.
After suffering a complicated infection, a residual cough may last for several more weeks. Treatment, with a productive sputum discharge, consists in abundant warm drinking and massage at home.
The cough that accompanies these diseases is dry, unproductive. The main goal in its treatment is to achieve sputum discharge.
At the initial stage, it is necessary to take drugs that have a mucolytic effect:
As soon as the sputum begins to be produced, expectorant drugs are shown for 4-5 days, and then - to give the child warm mors, a compote of dried fruit, diluted juices and massage the chest.
If the child has a fever, then hot foot baths, warming him contraindicated.
Accompanied by shortness of breath and cough with a long exhalation. The phlegm that forms in the bronchi is too viscous, and therefore does not expectoration. It is very important to achieve its liquefaction, and after-discharge.
It is important to give plenty of water to the child. If the condition worsens, shortness of breath increases and spasms become more frequent, emergency medical care is needed.
Whooping cough cough has a special character: it begins with a long, long breath with a wheeze, after which the child goes into a cough.
It is noteworthy that with whooping cough, the child sticks out his tongue during coughing. In the sclera of the eyes, capillaries burst and hemorrhages occur.
Treatment with sedatives is indicated:
Cough persists for a long time, aggravated by colds.
This disease is also called "false croup" and is accompanied by a narrowing of the lumen of the upper respiratory tract. This makes it difficult to inhale, lengthening it and preventing the passage of air.
The situation is exacerbated by swelling of the larynx and the production of a very viscous, sticky sputum. Increasing cough can cause the child to start choking.
He needs urgent medical assistance, but before the ambulance arrives his parents should give him a drug of mucolytic action, drink plenty of water, and make inhalation . Leave the child alone is impossible.
Tips of Dr. Komarovsky
Popular pediatrician Yevgeny Komarovsky has and defends his point of view, often at odds with accepted norms, on the treatment of cough in children:
- Children under two years should not take mucolytic drugs.
- Children under one year old and older should receive treatment from their parents.
- Plentiful warm drink
- Rinsing the nose if the child has snot
- Air humidification and room ventilation
Komarovsky insists that the therapeutic effect of most cough medicines has not been proven, aggressive advertising plays a role, and the habit of treating everything with medicines. Which, according to him, provide "psychological comfort of relatives" and no more.
Meanwhile, washing the nose will remove mucus from the nasopharynx, and without snot there will be no annoying cough.
A cough in a month-old baby arises due to the stagnation of mucus, drying of the mucous, since the nasal passages are short and narrow. It is very important to ventilate and humidify the air in the room, more often to walk outside or to put the stroller with the baby on the balcony.
Treatment of cough folk remedies
Traditional medicine is replete with recipes to help get rid of cough. With a dry cough, it is necessary to thin the mucus, making it easier to cough up. With a wet cough, effective sputum excretion is required so that it does not “flood” the baby’s lungs.
When leaning towards any of them, you should make sure that the child is not allergic to the components of the medicine. The fact that you can recommend a child 5 years old is not always suitable for a baby per year.
So, what can you give your child when you cough?
A safe and very useful remedy - cough eggnog for home treatment - is made from sugar or honey with an egg (or quail) egg yolk.
It is necessary to wash the shell, before breaking, to make sure that the product is fresh, the protein and yolk without any inclusions are not spread.
Whisk the yolk with sugar to make a homogeneous mass. Give the drug to the child 3-4 times a day, one teaspoon.
Rubbing oils and compresses
Cocoa cough oil for children is used as a massage - rubbed into the chest and upper back. For grinding children over two years old, add 4–10 drops of camphor oil to melted unsalted lard or goat fat; You can add the same amount of honey.
After applying camphor oil, when you cough, the child immediately gets relief. Rub the chest and back, cover the top with cotton napkins. The residues are removed after 3 hours with a cotton pad, the skin is wiped dry.
A calming effect on the respiratory tract has a compress with potatoes, low-fat cottage cheese, as well as massage the chest , feet, hands.
Home remedies that help relieve cough
. With a protracted cough, try a treatment with black radish . The sliced radish is covered with sugar and left for 1-2 hours. Released juice give the child 1 tbsp. l every hour.
протирают через сито, заливают водой (1 чашка воды на 2 очищенных банана), добавляют 1 ст. Ripe bananas rubbed through a sieve, pour water (1 cup of water for 2 peeled bananas), add 1 tbsp. l sugar and simmer for 7-10 minutes. Drink syrup 1 tsp. between meals.
. Children 2-3 years and older can prepare medicine from apples, potatoes and bulbs . Peel the ingredients, cut, pour in 1 liter of water and cook over low heat until the volume is halved. Broth strain, pour into a glass dish and store in the refrigerator. Give the child 1 tsp. 3 times a day, preheating in a water bath.
смешивают в равных пропорциях с теплым молоком и пьют перед едой по 1 ч. л. Fresh carrot juice is mixed in equal proportions with warm milk and drunk before a meal for 1 tsp.
насыпать в эмалированную или чугунную посуду (2/3 объема), залить молоком и поставить в духовку (в печь) при невысокой температуре. Pour the oats in enameled or cast-iron dishes (2/3 of the volume), pour in milk and put in the oven (in the oven) at a low temperature. Add milk as necessary until oats are cooked and oat milk jelly is ready. Give the child half a cup 2-3 times a day.
легко приготовить в домашних условиях. Sweet sugar candies are easy to make at home. A small amount is obtained by melting sugar in a tablespoon over a gas burner fire. The liquid mass is necessarily cooled, then given to the child for resorption when coughing.
Young children are recommended to give melted sugar dissolved in boiled water (1:20). At one time give a tablespoon of syrup after a meal. In addition to the main ingredients, honey is added, the juice of useful berries and medicinal plants.
How to treat at home for cough and SARS herbs
There are many home remedies for irritating dry cough without sputum. Apply in such cases, tea, juice, syrup or extract of Althea , mother-and-stepmother , mallow , plantain .
The plant devasil suitable for the treatment of acute and chronic inflammatory processes, infectious diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Prepared from the dried roots decoction with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and expectorant effect.
готовят в домашних условиях или покупают в аптеке. Anise drops are prepared at home or bought at a pharmacy. The tool causes an expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect, is well tolerated by children.
Anisic drops in pharmacies are made from anise oil, ammonia and ethyl alcohol. Houses are diluted with boiled water, 3-5 drops per 50 ml of water for a 3-5 year old child.
It is important for parents to understand that herbs and medicines from them are not harmless, they can provoke worsening of their condition, so you need to be careful when choosing a choice.
Homemade cough relief recipes for babies are complemented by other measures that do not require much effort. Sometimes it is enough to lift the child’s head above the bed during sleep to help run off mucus and release airways. Place an extra pillow under your head and shoulders or a terry towel between the mattress and the pillow.
Children’s cough is different, so treatment must be directed, clearing the cause, and not just acting on the symptoms. In each case, parents should consult with a pediatrician, but self-education, allowing to evaluate the prescribed treatment, would not be superfluous.