Along with drug therapy, in the treatment of various forms of allergy, nutritional correction gives a certain result. Hypoallergenic diet not only suppresses the exacerbation of the disease, but also becomes a preventive measure.
What you will find in this article:
What principles is the hypoallergenic diet based on?
The basic principle of building a menu with a low-allergenic diet is the exclusion of food from the diet, provoking the development of an allergic reaction.
The gradual exclusion from the diet of individual products allows you to diagnose allergens and take measures to prevent relapses.
Principles of a hypoallergenic diet:
- In the diet - products that do not load the organs of the gastrointestinal tract;
- The menu must be balanced and provide intake of vitamins and trace elements;
- The energy value is 2800 kilocalories;
- The daily rate of salt - 7 g;
- Nutrition fractional, up to 6 times per day. Small portions contribute to the complete splitting and digestion of products, and thus reduce the risk of allergies. In addition, this way of eating ensures appetite and the desire to eat properly;
- Meals are steamed or stewed, fried, smoked food, pickled vegetables, fatty salads are often allergens;
- Strong broths (especially chicken) are boiled, changing the water many times. Animal protein is a serious allergen;
- People suffering from the food form of allergy, you need to drink at least two liters of water per day, this mode ensures the timely removal of allergens and toxins from the body;
- The temperature of ready-to-eat food should be comfortable - hot food irritates the walls of the stomach and intestines, stimulates irritation of the nervous system, which, in turn, increases the risk of pathologies;
- Hypoallergenic diet for adults is designed, on average, for 21 days. For children - a gentle option: for a week, if necessary - a little longer. Once every three days, a product from the “dangerous” list is added, watching the reaction of the organism;
- To simplify the identification of allergen products, it is recommended to prepare simple meals with a small amount of ingredients during a hypoallergenic diet;
- Food should be varied, in sufficient quantities rich in vitamins.
In order to be able to substantively analyze food reactions, it is recommended to keep a food diary in which to record what was eaten, at what time and in what quantity, as well as whether or not the reaction to food followed.
List of banned products
The list of highly allergenic products included:
- High fat dairy products, hard cheeses;
- Seafood, fish, fish caviar;
- Smoked products, sausages;
- Canned foods;
- Nuts (first of all, peanuts);
- Red, orange fruits (oranges, tangerines, apples, grapefruits), vegetables (beets, pumpkins, carrots, tomatoes), berries (almost all) and dried fruits;
- Chicken eggs;
- Alcoholic beverages;
- Sweet carbonated drinks;
- Coffee, cocoa;
- Products with a large number of chemical additives (preservatives, dyes, flavors, stabilizers)
List of approved products
Products that are considered conditionally –secure form the basis of the diet, but in individual cases they can also trigger an allergic reaction:
- Boiled and stews: white chicken, turkey, beef, veal;
- Vegetable soups;
- Vegetable oils (olive, sunflower);
- Crumbly cereal (except for manna);
- Low-fat dairy products: cottage cheese, cheese, kefir, natural yogurt;
- Green vegetables and fruits, except celery and sorrel;
- Compotes and teas from dried fruits (except dried apricots);
- Bread, biscuits, unleavened bread
On these products is based on the diet Ado. Approximate menu for the day:
- Breakfast: buckwheat porridge, weak tea, cottage cheese
- Lunch: green apple
- Lunch: vegetable soup with broccoli, pasta, meatballs from chicken, stewed fruit
- Lunch: jelly, sweet cookies
- Dinner: boiled cod, pasta
- Second dinner: kefir
Recipes for non-specific general hypoallergenic diets are simple and affordable, but at the same time, nutrition is balanced and provides the intake of vitamins and trace elements.
Hypoallergenic diet during breastfeeding
The question of the feasibility of a special diet for nursing mothers is now widely discussed in medical circles, and most doctors are of the opinion that in the absence of allergies, the mother does not need to follow a strict diet.
Common in all cases, the rules prohibit the use of:
- Smoked Products
In what cases the diet is necessary
There are situations when a mother during breastfeeding is obliged to comply with nutritional restrictions:
- Manifestations of allergy in the newborn (peeling, redness of the skin, atopic dermatitis);
- During the first month of feeding, to determine whether the child is prone to allergic reactions;
- Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract in a child, impeding the normal absorption and assimilation of food components;
- Burdened hereditary history: mother has bronchial asthma, pollinosis, allergic rhinitis, urticaria, food allergies.
Replacing breast milk with milk formulas is a half-measure, which is not always justified. Until six months, the child receives a balanced diet, and signs of allergies go away. But the need to introduce complementary foods may exacerbate the problem.
With mother's milk, the baby receives small doses of allergens, the menu correction allows you to gradually expand the diet and bring the baby to the introduction of vegetables, fruits, juices, cottage cheese. Breast milk contributes to the maturation of the gastrointestinal tract.
In some cases, when the mother's milk is not absorbed, the pediatrician should select the mixture and determine the timing of the introduction of additional foods.
Nonspecific diet for nursing mother forbids:
- Cow's milk (whole);
- Fish spawn;
- Cocoa and chocolate;
- Red berries;
- Smoking, pickles, marinades, spicy dishes, seasonings, spices;
- Strong meat and fish broths;
- Chicken meat;
- Wheat and its products;
- Red and orange vegetables and fruits
It is important to understand that some foods, while not being allergens in their pure form, can enhance the negative effects of other foods or increase the production of histamines - substances that cause the external manifestations of allergic reactions.
If the baby is susceptible to allergies, the mother “sits down” on a strict diet and observes it for 2-3 days. , lean pork (stewed or boiled), boiled potatoes (previously soaked in water).
A nursing mother should keep a food diary in which all food is carefully entered.
If for three days the allergy does not manifest itself, then one new product is introduced and the mother carefully monitors the condition of the child. The resulting reaction is a reason to return to the original menu for a while until the child returns to normal. Thus, it is possible to identify products-allergens.
Diet with pollinosis
- Allergy to pollen of trees. Prohibited: nuts, fruits, celery, carrots, parsley;
- Allergy to pollen of cereals. Forbidden: bakery products, flour products, bread kvass, oatmeal, flakes, flour, cocoa, chocolate, coffee;
- Allergy to weed pollen. Forbidden: melon, watermelon, zucchini, eggplant, sunflower seeds, halva, mustard, mayonnaise, sunflower oil;
- Allergy to spores of microscopic fungi. Forbidden: yeast, yeast dough, kvass, beer, sauerkraut, cheese, sugar and its substitutes, wine, liquor, moonshine.
Among the food products that cause urticaria, emit:
- Seafood, fish;
- Tomatoes, eggplants;
Compliance with the hypoallergenic diet allows not only to reduce the number of drugs used to stabilize the state, but also to give them up completely, becoming in a state of stable remission. Despite seeming difficulties and strict limitations, the diet can and should be varied and balanced.
To help determine the range of products should an allergist, on all issues related to treatment, it is necessary to consult a specialist. If there is any doubt whether this or that product can be eaten, it is worth giving it up before consulting a doctor.