According to statistics, approximately 180 million people around the world have urolithiasis. Doctors of every 5th on the Earth discover the gallbladder stones. It is believed that the stones in the body can be deposited exclusively in the organs of excretion and biliary tract. However, this is not the case and salt aggregations in the form of stones can occur in other places.
Lungs and bronchi
Stones in the lungs are diagnosed much more often in the female than in the male half of the population. Such deposits in the lungs consist of small elements of calcium carbonate and triphosphates. Stones are located mainly in the alveoli of the middle or main lung lobes. In rare cases, the stones occupy most of the alveoli, thereby worsening gas exchange. Alveolar stones can be easily detected in an X-ray image. Doctors are inclined to believe that the development of this pathology is due to hereditary predisposition.
Broncholithiasis is a collection of mineral salts in the bronchi that occurs more often than in the lungs. The exact causes of this disease are not yet fully understood. But in many cases, the stones were formed as a result of the settling of small particles of dust and sand. There is an assumption that people who have had pulmonary tuberculosis are prone to the deposition of stones in the bronchi.
Broncholithiasis can lead to serious consequences. Often, because of the stones in the bronchi, bleeding or abscesses are formed. There is a danger of narrowing of the bronchial lumen and the formation of such a disease as respiratory failure.
Signs of the presence of stones in the bronchopulmonary system:
- Appearance of persistent dyspnea
- The patient suffers from a dry cough.
- Feeling of lethargy
- Body temperature can sometimes increase without cause.
- Pain in the chest
Saline deposition in the nasal cavity is called rhinolitis . Usually formations accumulate in the lower part of the nasal passage. Rhinoliths are characterized by the presence of an extraneous substance (called the nucleus), and salts “precipitate” around it, which is contained in the secret of the mucous membranes.
The core can become sand particles, fruit stones, grains, and even blood clots. Rinolit is capable of being in the nasal cavity for several years. If the organic core is dissolved, then the stones become hollow.
Signs of nasal stones:
- Nasal breathing problems
- Purulent, slimy mass secreted from the nose
Sialolithiasis - the formation of stones in the salivary glands. This pathology is diagnosed only in 1% of the population in the age group of 20 to 45 years. Usually these tumors do not cause discomfort to patients, since they are mostly washed out with the help of saliva. But large deposits can block the flow of glands, thereby causing inflammation.
The composition of stones in the salivary glands is similar to the composition of mineral deposits in urolithiasis. The cause of the disease becomes a violation of metabolic processes in the body. In 45% of people with sialolithiasis, stones are also found in the kidneys, and in the bladder.
Another risk group includes smokers and people who are constantly taking diuretics, antihistamines and psychotropic drugs.
Signs of stones in the saliva glands:
- Feeling of bursting, which increases when a person takes food
- Salivary colic (sudden pain syndrome, which passes quickly)
- Pain when swallowing, that is given to the tongue and ear area
- Iron swells and puffiness appears
- The presence of not a pleasant taste in the mouth
- The patient often has a headache.
- Body temperature above normal
Stones with a white or gray tint can form on the surface of the eyes (often on the iris or on the eyelash growth line). Usually, the cause of such deposits is a postponed inflammatory disease. The stones on the lashes do not need special treatment, since they themselves dissolve after the lapse of time.
Very rarely, stones can be found in the intestines (called caprolites ), in the lumen of veins ( phleboliths ), in pancreatic streams, on the tissues of the tonsils.
The formation of stones indicates a failure of metabolic processes. With a lack of treatment, stones in the body can lead to serious consequences. Therefore, when there are signs of the presence of stones in the organs, you should immediately seek medical help.