Men over 50 years old notice changes in psychological and physiological terms, health "rents" in many positions, which often becomes an unpleasant unexpected surprise. What you need to pay attention to?
What you will find in this article:
Heart and vessels
The cardiovascular system of a man after 50 years of age needs careful monitoring by biochemical parameters, blood pressure, and vascular status.
General blood analysis
A blood test allows you to assess the condition of the body as a whole, the presence or absence of hidden inflammatory processes, nutrition of tissues and organs.
– красный пигмент крови, содержащий железо. Hemoglobin is a red blood pigment containing iron. It provides the trophic function of the blood (the transfer of oxygen to the tissues and their nutrition). A reduced pigment level indicates hypoxia. Especially dangerous oxygen starvation for brain cells and heart muscle.
The minimum hemoglobin content in men older than 50 years is 125 g / l.
The reason for the decrease in hemoglobin are:
- Profuse bleeding;
- Diseases of the heart, blood vessels , bone marrow;
- Unbalanced nutrition;
- Reduced immune function of the body;
- Iron deficiency;
- Endocrine disorders
Signs of a decrease in hemoglobin and oxygen starvation are:
- Weakness, fatigue, dizziness;
- Pallor of the skin, cyanosis of the nasolabial triangle, nails;
- Tachycardia, shortness of breath;
- High blood pressure;
- Reduced appetite
An increase in the index over 160 g / l also adversely affects health:
- Thickening of the blood leads to the formation of blood clots;
- Heart failure develops;
- The risk of heart attacks and strokes increases.
The reasons for the increase in hemoglobin levels are:
- Chronic diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
- Smoking, alcohol abuse;
- Endocrine disorders (diabetes);
White blood cells
обеспечивают защитную функцию крови. Leukocytes provide a protective function of the blood. The increase in the rate can be triggered by the influence of external factors:
- Change of weather, time zone;
- Long stay in the sun;
- Excessive Exercise
Deviation from the norm occurs in insignificant limits, does not cause anxiety and returns to normal without treatment
However, an increase in the number of leukocytes several times signals the pathological processes in the body:
- bacterial infection;
- inflammatory process in the acute stage;
- significant blood loss;
- poisoning with drugs or chemicals;
- myocardial infarction;
- acute viral infection;
- growth of malignant tumors with metastases
The decrease in leukocytes becomes a consequence of:
- Severe infection
- General long-term intoxication
- Bone marrow pathologies
Treatment prescribed by the doctor after a full examination and establish the causes of deviations from normal values.
– скорость, с которой оседают эритроциты при отстаивании крови. ESR is the rate at which erythrocytes settle during blood sedimentation.
A normal indicator for men over 50 is considered to be from 0 to 20 mm per hour.
The increase in the index indicates the inflammatory processes in the body, the acute course of infections, poisoning, injuries, chronic diseases, myocardial infarction, and malignant neoplasms. Also ESR increased in the postoperative period.
A decrease in the rate is provoked by diets, vegetarianism, hormonal therapy, as well as dystrophic processes in muscles and disorders of water-salt metabolism.
In a detailed biochemical analysis, attention is paid to individual indicators.
– один из важнейших показателей. Blood glucose is one of the most important indicators.
The norm for men older than fifty years is 4.4 - 6.1 mmol / l.
A sharp jump in sugar above 7.0 mmol / l is an indirect indicator of the risk of developing diabetes. Additional symptoms indicating the development of the disease:
- Thirst, dry mouth;
- Sharp weight loss with increased appetite;
- Long healing wounds;
- Frequent urination;
- Blurred vision;
- Skin ulceration;
- Fatigue, apathy, decreased performance;
- Cramps, numbness of the limbs;
Additional factors contributing to the development of diabetes are:
- Genetic predisposition;
- Exchange violations;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Pancreatic dysfunction
участвует в обменных процессах, протекающих в мышцах. Creatinine is involved in metabolic processes occurring in the muscles. Disposal is carried out by the kidneys, for this reason the level of creatinine largely determines the work of the kidneys.
Content in the blood should not exceed 110 µmol / l.
Exceeding the standard indicates:
- Renal failure;
- Predominance in the diet of meat food;
- Muscle lesions;
- Prolonged physical exertion;
- Liver damage (hepatitis, oncology, cirrhosis)
Bilirubin. Hemoglobin breakdown product is bilirubin. Directly the decay product is bound by the liver, and before that it is quite toxic and threatens the health of the nervous system.
Increased bilirubin is associated with:
- Excessively rapid destruction of red blood cells;
- Liver dysfunction
Signs of hyperbilirubinonemia are:
- Yellow sclera of the eyes, skin;
- Dark color of urine;
- Discomfort in the left hypochondrium;
- Weakness, fatigue, headaches, malfunctions of the heart, resulting from hypoxia
Uric acid. An indicator of nitrogen metabolism in the body is the level of uric acid, which is utilized by the kidneys.
Dysfunction, kidney disease, impaired nitrogen metabolism lead to the accumulation of potassium salts in the body.
An excess of uric acid is a symptom of the development of gout, a disease that threatens men over 50 years of age. In addition to the kidneys, salt crystals accumulate in the fiber under the skin, in muscles and joints. The result of such processes is arthritis and arthrosis.
Cholesterol. It is imperative to monitor cholesterol levels. He takes an active part in metabolic processes, is involved in the synthesis of sex hormones, cortisol. Ensures the work of the spleen, bone marrow, kidneys.
Low-density lipoproteins (“bad” cholesterol) are deposited on the walls of blood vessels from the inside, narrowing the lumen, causing a blockage of the vessels. At risk:
- People leading a sedentary lifestyle;
- Overweight people;
- Older men
Balanced nutrition leads to lower blood cholesterol:
- Carrot, pomegranate, grapefruit juices, splitting fats;
- Replacing butter with vegetable oil;
- Lean meat;
- Oat bran;
- Fat-Free Dairy Products
Recommended smoking cessation and alcohol.
See more on the blog: How to lower cholesterol
Genitourinary men after 50 years
Age changes concerning intimate life are very painful for men.
Reducing the production of sex hormones affects the quality of sex life.
In men after 50 years, potency and libido are reduced, fewer sperm are capable of conception. Sex needs with stimulation, the search for new impressions, sensations, hence the famous saying about "gray hair in a beard." At the same time, male psychology requires self-affirmation, hence the desire to look young and show yourself and others about your sexual viability.
On the intimate life of the imprint of the disease of the genitourinary system, the most popular of which is dysfunction of the prostate gland.
With age, prostate tissue is partially replaced by connective tissue. Adenoma and prostatitis leading to an increase in the gland, puffiness, impaired outflow of urine.
There are problems with urination, frequent false urges, incontinence. All this undermines a man’s faith in himself, making him asocial, withdrawn, irritable.
Prophylactic examinations, proper nutrition, rich in fiber, vitamins and trace elements, refusal of cigarettes and alcohol will help to maintain sexual strength until old age.
Treatment of impotence is an emotional and psychological question, often a psychotherapist comes to the aid of the urologist. The specialist, according to the results of hormone tests and examinations, will explain what measures need to be taken to improve sexual function, will give recommendations on how to raise testosterone, which is necessary for the work of the male body.
Myopia or hyperopia closer to 50 years is almost considered the norm. Visits to the ophthalmologist are reduced to the correction of diopters in glasses.
However, in addition to visual acuity, attention should be paid to intraocular pressure.
Increased eye pressure indicates the development of glaucoma and threatens partial or complete loss of vision.
Weight and exercise
Men in adulthood should be aware that being overweight is their number one enemy. It is obesity and obesity leading to shortness of breath, disturbances in the heart, liver, kidneys, and endocrine glands, which prevents a full life, including an intimate one.
To maintain physical fitness, a balanced diet and physical activity are shown, whether it is self-study or training in the hall under the guidance of a trainer.
Exercises will help speed up metabolic processes, improve blood circulation, and have a beneficial effect on the work of the digestive system.
Men over fifty years of age should carefully monitor their health, not neglect preventive measures, regular medical examinations and follow the recommendations of specialists. Life will remain full and full, if you pay attention to possible risks and prevent them.