Banana is one of the most common and affordable fruits. Although in reality, a banana, like a watermelon, is a berry, as it grows on grass. The benefits and harms of bananas are a subject of discussion for many doctors, nutritionists and scientists.
What you will find in this article:
The composition and caloric content of bananas
Most varieties of bananas are bred artificially. Fruits are divided into "dessert", which can be consumed, and "platano", which require additional processing. Mini bananas are the same in quality as usual ones. They differ only in size (no more than 12 cm) and have a more pronounced taste and aroma.
Banana is a very nutritious product. It is often used for snacking, as it well quenches the attack of hunger. Banana contains many useful vitamins and microelements.
Useful composition of banana:
- Vitamins of group B, vitamin C
- Natural Fiber
- Potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, iron
- Beta carotene
- Fats, proteins and carbohydrates
- Fructose, glucose, sucrose
- Essential oils
Caloric content of bananas depends on the degree of their ripening. Green bananas contain 89 kcal, the energy value of a ripe fruit is 120 kcal, and ripened banana is 180 kcal. Most often, bananas are eaten raw. But many people eat dried fruits, their caloric content is 350 kcal, or banana chips - 500 kcal per 100g of product.
Banana does not belong to dietary products, but many nutritionists recommend including it in the diet, as one small fruit is enough to get enough for a long time.
What is the use of bananas?
The vitamin-rich composition of banana strengthens the human body and is good for health. Eating the fetus in food contributes to increased efficiency, improved memory and concentration by listening, reduces the symptoms of fatigue. A bright and sweet banana improves mood and improves tone.
Unripe bananas are less nutritious and healthy. They can be put in a dark place where the sun's rays do not fall, for their maturation.
Bananas well help build muscle. Therefore, athletes so often use it in different forms. Also useful composition of bananas helps cleanse the body, helps prevent impotence.
Some more useful properties of bananas for the body:
- Removal of unwanted fluids from the body
- Strengthening of blood vessels and heart
- Help with constipation
- Balancing the nervous system
- Body saturation with energy
- Weight loss and weight support is normal
- Brain improvement
- Banana contains carotenoid substances. Thanks to them, bananas are useful in oncology, as they improve the protective functions of the body in the fight against chronic diseases)
- Over-ripe bananas should not be thrown away. They are very helpful immunity and help fight cancers.
In addition, due to the potassium content, the use of bananas reduces blood pressure, minimizes the risk of kidney stones. A group of vitamins B maintains an optimal level of glucose in the blood. Bananas are also beneficial for the beauty and health of hair, nails and skin.
Scientists have shown that eating only two bananas a day provides the body with a sufficient level of energy and strength. Bananas are not recommended to be eaten on an empty stomach in order to avoid disturbance of the magnesium-calcium balance in the body.
The benefits and harm of bananas for men
For men, a banana is not only a source of energy, but also has an impact on health. Due to the trace elements contained in bananas, their introduction into the diet can increase potency. Banana is an excellent aphrodisiac. In men who eat bananas, increased sensitivity, increased libido, prolonged intercourse.
After training, the use of bananas replenishes glycogen, improves the metabolism in the muscle tissues, and restores their damaged structure. Bananas increase resistance and endurance to physical exertion.
Males are more prone to women with hypertension. Fruit reduces blood pressure and the risk of blood clots. Bananas should not be consumed if you recently had a heart attack or stroke.
Benefits for children and women
The use of bananas improves mood, increases the activity of the brain, improves sleep, so these fruits are recommended for everyone, even children and pregnant women. Some researchers say that the banana even reduces the discomfort with PMS in women.
For pregnant women, a banana can be a real salvation in toxemia. This fruit will save from nausea, has a faint odor.
Banana copes with the feeling of heaviness in the stomach, burning and discomfort. For the treatment of constipation eat a banana better on an empty stomach.
For children, a banana is absolutely harmless fruit. The peel of a banana allows the fruit to retain all its beneficial properties and qualities for a long time. Bananas will give the necessary energy to children, will not lead to weight gain.
You can give a banana to children from 6-8 months. It is better to start with a small spoon to make sure that the child is not allergic.
Useful applications of banana peel:
- Banana skins can be used for treatment and healing of wounds, burns, cracks on the heels. It is enough to make a compress by applying and securing the peel with the inner side to the damaged area of skin.
- You can get rid of a migraine by putting a banana peel on the back of the head or on the forehead. If you apply the peel on the eyelids, eye strain will pass.
- Pieces of banana peel can be frozen in the freezer. In the morning use frozen banana cubes for the face. This will help to cope with dark spots, freckles and peeling of the skin.
- Grind banana peel to a powdered state and add to toothpaste. So you can prevent and cure diseases of the oral cavity.
Ways to use bananas
Most often, bananas are simply eaten raw. But there are several variations of eating this useful fruit.
In Asian countries, banana chips are the most popular type of snack. Prepare them with sugar syrup and caramel or honey. Chips are fried in butter. When cooked, a banana loses almost all of its beneficial properties, so fried banana chips are a satisfying, but not the most useful snack.
Dried bananas are much more calorie than fresh ones. Therefore, their use is not recommended for people prone to obesity, suffering from diabetes, after suffering a heart attack or stroke. Dried bananas are very sweet and nutritious, they contain iron.
The excess liquid evaporates from the dried bananas, so the fruits become smaller, but all the beneficial properties are preserved. You can dry bananas at home.
Fresh bananas should be peeled and cut into slices. Put slices on a baking sheet, pre-bedding paper for baking with silicone. The oven temperature should be 40-50C. Time - 3-6 hours. The oven door should be left ajar to ensure a constant flow of air.
Baked bananas. In the oven you can cook baked bananas. To do this, cut bananas into slices, sprinkle with sugar and send to the oven. In the process of cooking turn over once.
Dried bananas. To 100 ml of lemon juice you need to add 200 ml of water. Thanks to this mixture, bananas will not blacken. Slices of banana drop for a minute in the cooked mixture. Then put bananas on a special dryer and set the temperature to 50C. Bananas need to be dried for about 10-14 hours, until all excess moisture evaporates.
Bananas can also be boiled . It will take no more than 15 minutes. Boiled bananas are sweeter.
Medicinal recipes with banana
To enhance the healing effect, bananas can be combined with other healthy vegetables and fruits.
Energy cocktail for the prevention of colds. It is necessary to knead the pulp of a banana, add half a glass of orange juice and carrot juice, lemon juice, 1 tsp. honey To mix everything.
Vitamin cocktail as a general tonic. Get and mix the juices of orange, half a lemon, banana, grapefruit, pineapple quarters. Take these vitamins in the morning and evening.
Banana tea will help get rid of irritability and nervous disorders. You need 10g of dried bananas mixed with chamomile (3 inflorescences), valerian root (2 parts), caraway fruit (5 parts). On 1st.l. The resulting mixture needs a glass of boiling water. Let it stand and then strain. Take half a cup in the morning and evening.
Banana drink with cinnamon . For a good sleep, you can prepare a banana drink with cinnamon. Add sliced banana to boiling water and cook for 10 minutes. Then strain and add a pinch of cinnamon.
Banana kvass to strengthen the immune system. Preparing kvass from banana peel, which in the process of fermentation produces substances that prevent the development of cancer. Preparation of kvass: 1 cup of sugar, 2 glasses of milled banana peel, 1ch.l. sour cream dissolved in a three-liter jar of boiled water. The neck of the banks to tie 3 layers of gauze. Let it infuse for 2 weeks in a warm room. Pour 1 liter of finished kvass, store at room temperature. To the remaining kvass add 1/3 cup of sugar and pour boiled water. Drink half a cup of kvass for half an hour before meals.
Bananas for weight loss and beauty
Banana-kefir diet for weight loss. The banana itself will help to cope with the feeling of hunger, but it is quite high in calories, and in combination with dairy products it helps to lose extra kilos. Consuming kefir with a banana can lose weight in a short time.
An effective and fast diet is milk and banana. This combination can cause diarrhea and bloating. But to cleanse the body and lose weight quickly, you need to eat a banana and drink it with milk. This diet should last no more than three days.
Banana and cottage cheese will help get rid of two extra pounds in three days. On the day you need to eat 2 bananas and 200g of low-fat cottage cheese.
For the beauty of hair, you can make a mask. Mix 2 tablespoons dried bananas, 1 yolk, 1 tablespoon peach oil, 1ch.l. lemon juice, half a teaspoon of vinegar. Keep the mask under the towel for half an hour.
Simple face mask. To the pulp of the banana add lemon juice. Apply to the skin for half an hour. For dry skin you can prepare a nutritious banana mask. Mix banana pulp, yolk and 1 tsp. rice oil. Apply for 15 minutes.
Contraindications and harm
Despite all the benefits of bananas, there are some contraindications to their use:
- Bananas should not be consumed by people prone to obesity, because of its caloric content.
- Banana juice is contraindicated if the acidity of gastric juice is increased.
- For diabetics, unripe fruits or boiled bananas are better suited.
- Bananas are forbidden for varicose veins, coronary heart disease, after strokes and heart attacks.
- In asthma, bananas are better to salt a little, to avoid an excess of potassium.
- You should not use a banana for the night, as he will not have time to digest. It is better to eat the fruit for half an hour or an hour before bedtime.
- Banana for breakfast is better not to eat, because of the high magnesium content.
Bananas are a great snack throughout the day. They will fill the body with strength and energy. It is worth remembering about the calories of bananas and not abuse them.