Cuts on hands are one of the most known and widespread household problems of the person. After all, you can get an injury from a knife, a tin can, and even a fork or bone from a fish. In our article we will describe under what cuts it is enough to wash the wound, and in what cases you should consult a doctor. And also about how first aid should be provided.
What you will find in this article:
There was a cut, what to do? What to process?
In most cases, domestic injuries are not something dangerous or critical. And there is no need for the services of qualified specialists.
But in order to protect yourself from infection or subsequent complications of infection, it is necessary to conduct proper first aid.
It is worth noting that even a minor cut, it will already be capillary bleeding that needs to be stopped. After you finally make sure that the blood is stopped and there is no threat of severe bleeding, perform manipulations that will help stop the outpouring of blood.
How to stop the blood when cutting
- Rinse the wound. This helps remove dirt and makes it possible to assess how deep the wound is.
- It is necessary to blot the wounded area with gauze or bandage. In a pinch, a clean rag will do.
- Raise the damaged area to the maximum level of the body. This will reduce blood circulation, and, consequently, will accelerate the cessation of bleeding.
- Treatment with antiseptic or brilliant green is necessary. Wherein. It is important to treat the cut along the contour, and not to fill it with a wound, because, in this way, there is the option of a burn.
- If necessary, cover the wound with a plaster or cotton swab.
These tips help with minor cuts that do not require the intervention of specialists. But, what to do when a finger, veins, palms are cut, and you also found a violation of the integrity of the epidermis - a deep cut, after which there is abundant bleeding?
Deep cut: what to do?
What to do when the finger, veins, palms are cut, and you also found a violation of the integrity of the epidermis - a deep cut, after which there is abundant bleeding?
Then you need to do the following immediately:
- From a clean sheet of cloth (bandage, gauze) to make a gasket.
- The finished gasket, pressing, put on the wound.
- After the expiration of a short time, not more than 15 minutes, the blood should stop.
- Put a bandage on top of the gasket without removing it.
In case the blood continues to stand out abundantly after 15 minutes, you need to put a new one on top of the old tampon, and so on until the bleeding stops. Do not forget that blood loss is very serious. Therefore, in case you have heavy bleeding, be sure to call the doctors.
It is very important, when applying a bandage, in any case, not to use adhesive tape, electrical tape and plaster in a circle. That is, this factor can further reduce blood circulation. In order to avoid such consequences, use the longest bandages, thanks to this, they hold tight.
Deep wound - do you need a doctor?
In our world, each wound depth is regarded differently: someone has a depth of less than a millimeter, that is, only the peel is clipped, and he already believes that the wound is almost fatal. Others, on the contrary, having touched even the veins and meat tissue, consider that everything will pass, of course.
In order to have no questions, we will tell you cases when a deep cut requires the intervention of a specialist:
- The wound bleeds for more than 15 minutes, even after using pressure and a tampon.
- You feel numb in the wound area.
- The skin around the wound is blue, white, or cold to the touch.
- Severe wound clogging. And the victim himself is a diabetic, an elderly person or his immunity is very weak.
- There are foreign fragments left by glass, a knife, a blade or their possible hit.
- The wound is located on the face or neck.
- After the bite .
- You have signs of infection. This usually comes in a day, two.
- Wound healing does not occur for 12 or more days.
When does a wound need to be stitched?
There are cases when self-healing wounds are impossible. And in such cases, the only treatment option remains, namely, stitch up. In which cases stitching of the wound occurs is described below:
- The edges of the wound can not be closed.
- The depth of the wound is more than 0.5 cm, and the edges of the wound themselves are torn.
- The length of the wound is more than 2 cm, and its depth is more than 0.5 cm.
- One can see muscles, fat or even bone.
Of course, after such an operation, small or small scars will remain at the suture site. But this is better than earning gangrene or suppuration, which will require more prolonged treatment and observation.
Wounds and manicure
Unfortunately, getting injuries, cuts, pricks during a manicure is quite common. And an important factor is the processing of the working tool. After all, through the blood you can not only carry the infection, but also such serious diseases as hepatitis, AIDS and many others. Therefore, if you are doing a manicure, then it is best to do it in a professional, proven salon, where the staff has all the permissions and equipment to carry out such procedures.
Be sure to ask how the instrument is treated, how often it is sterilized. After all, it is your safety.
If you are injured during a manicure, you should immediately wash it, disinfect it with any antiseptic, and consult a doctor.
If you do not have the opportunity to get to an expert at the reception, you can steam the injured finger in a solution of soda and salt, make a tampon with aloe juice. All this contributes to the destruction of pus and various bacteria, and also removes the tumor.
Now you know the danger of cuts on your hands. But now you also know how to provide first aid, how to smear it, how to avoid infection, and much more!
The most important thing is to treat the wound in a timely manner, and to take measures for its healing.