As protection against overheating, sweat glands were formed in the process of evolution. Simultaneously, an excess of salts is excreted from the body, and the water-salt balance is regulated. However, excessive sweating is a problem not only for the person who is sweating, but also for those who are nearby.
Causes of excessive sweating
It is necessary to immediately make a reservation that the concept of "increased" sweating is quite individual. For physiological reasons, sweating in men is stronger than in women.
With uniform overheating, some zones sweat much more, others - almost unnoticed. The greatest accumulation of sweat glands is in the armpits, on the palms and feet. Armpit sweat becomes a breeding ground for bacteria, which impart a persistent odor to the body and clothing. The situation is even worse when the feet sweat a lot: “fragrant” socks need to be changed after a few hours. What does hyperhidrosis mean - excessive sweating?
The most noticeable hormonal surges in women are observed during pregnancy and at the end of the reproductive age (menopause). In addition to excessive sweating, a jump in the level of female hormones entails a sensation of heat in the face area, "hot flashes", rapid heart beat during menopause.
During pregnancy, excessive sweating aggravates excess weight and accelerates metabolic reactions.
However, if along with hyperhidrosis, there are other disturbing symptoms that can not be considered a variant of the norm:
- Numbness of the limbs
- Puffiness of soft tissues
- Pain in the heart
- High blood pressure
- The appearance of the smell of ammonia, protein in the urine,
You should consult a doctor and undergo a comprehensive examination to make sure that the disease of the internal organs does not progress along with hormonal changes.
Problems with the thyroid gland in the inhabitants of modern megacities are not rare. The "inheritance" makes itself known - the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, environmental pollution, lack of iodine in the products.
Diseases in which the thyroid gland produces an excess amount of hormones are called hyperthyroidism. One of the symptoms pointing to thyroid abnormality is excessive sweating. If in addition to it are observed:
- Heart failure
- Tremor of limbs
- Dry mouth
- Weight loss with normal and increased appetite
- Irritability, nervousness,
then it is time to pay an urgent visit to an endocrinologist - perhaps it is not only and not so much a disease of the thyroid gland, as it is about a neoplasm in the pituitary gland.
Excessive sweating is one of the symptoms of elevated blood glucose levels. In diabetes, the connection between tissues and sweat glands is disturbed, thermoregulation is lost, and as a result, a person constantly sweats, especially at night.
Cold sweat, combined with weakness, headache, dizziness and impaired consciousness, is associated with extremely low blood sugar.
Very many disorders of the heart and blood vessels are accompanied by excessive sweating. People suffering from arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, vascular thrombosis, angina, ischemic manifestations are aware of this problem firsthand and, unfortunately, it is not the worst in this case.
In the strengthened mode, sweat glands also work in case of inflammation of the heart muscle or tissues of the heart bag.
Emotions under control!
A person who is able to control the outward manifestation of his emotions may not give a strong shock, surprise, fear, anxiety, anger with mimicry, words, gestures. But the body reacts with the release of adrenal hormones - adrenaline and norepinephrine into the blood. They make the heart beat faster, the blood vessels to narrow, and the sweat glands to give off excess moisture. Especially noticeable in stressful situations are sweating palms, forehead, neck, armpits.
Causes of hyperhidrosis can be much more prosaic:
- Overheating of the body
- Excess salt in the body
- Clothing that prevents normal heat dissipation
- Taking medicines that have a diaphoretic (diuretic) effect
- Disorders of the gastrointestinal tract
- Abuse of chocolate, coffee, alcohol, sweet soda, hot spices, foods high in trans fat
Deodorants, antiperspirants, cosmetic powders are just one of the ways to hide the consequences of malfunctioning sweat glands. If the problem is acute and is accompanied by other unpleasant symptoms, there is a need to visit a doctor and be examined. Need to eliminate the cause, not its manifestation.