Gastric ulcer refers to diseases of the chronic type. The disease is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbations. Symptoms of stomach ulcers in adults are more common between the ages of 25 and 50 years.
What you will find in this article:
Causes of peptic ulcer
The main and main cause of gastric ulcer is considered Helicobacter pylori infection. The acid-resistant bacterium Helicobacter can destroy the mucous membranes of the stomach, the duodenum is also affected.
The transfer of bacteria to each other can occur through household contact with an infected person (through saliva during kissing, through common dishes and hygiene items). Men are more prone to illness than women.
Other common causes of ulcers include:
- Constant stresses and feelings, shock
- Hereditary predisposition
- Chronic diseases of the digestive system
- Excessive drinking
- Acceptance of certain groups of drugs
- The development of the disease on the background of hepatitis, cirrhosis, pancreatitis, tuberculosis, Crohn's disease
- First blood type
Coffee, cocoa, water with gases, too cold or too hot food, baking - all this can be attributed to the dangerous factors that can provoke peptic ulcer. The risk group also includes smokers.
What are the symptoms of peptic ulcer?
A stomach ulcer is considered to be a rather complicated and dangerous disease. If you do not recognize its signs in time and do not start proper treatment, the disease can lead to the death of the patient. The difficulty lies in the fact that gastritis and ulcers have similar symptoms, because of which the diagnosis can be made incorrectly.
How to recognize a stomach ulcer? The first characteristic symptoms:
• Pain in the central region of the upper half of the peritoneum. This symptom is typical for most patients. At the same time, patients often note that the pain increases after physical exertion, the use of "bad" food, alcohol and cigarette smoking. The pain may be in the region of the heart.
• High acidity of gastric juice.
• Nearly 90% of patients suffer from heartburn with an ulcer an hour and a half after eating.
• Vomiting and nausea after overeating.
• Loss of appetite (at the subconscious level, the patient is afraid to experience pain after eating, and deliberately avoids meals).
• Patients suffer from sour belching, which has a bitter taste.
• Feeling of heaviness after eating, flatulence.
• The feeling of satiety comes after eating a small amount of food.
• Patients can lose weight rapidly.
• Problems with going to the toilet (constipation or diarrhea).
• Feel pain during palpation of the stomach.
• At the top of the tongue, a dense bloom of white hue forms.
• Patients may sweat palms (this is a rare symptom).
Signs of acute gastric ulcer
A gastric ulcer has an undulating course - the period of remission is replaced by an exacerbation stage. The manifestation of signs of acute gastric ulcer depends on the severity of the disease.
The most common symptom is severity and pain in the area between the navel and the sternum. Pain can last up to several hours. Therefore, it is difficult not to notice the worsening of the ulcer. In the acute form of the disease they say "an ulcer opened."
Symptoms of acute ulcers:
1. Acute, severe pain that is hard to bear. Localization of pain:
• The cardinal section of the stomach, not far from the esophagus, is a pain of a whining character, a feeling of heaviness in the stomach. There is pain immediately after eating. In this case, the pain can "move" in the region of the heart. Accompanied by heartburn and belching.
• Middle section or bottom of the stomach - dull pain. Arises on an empty stomach, or 30 minutes after eating. Burping and heartburn no. But the tongue is covered with white bloom.
• Pyloric stomach - feel the pain can be three hours after eating. The pain also hurts at night. Eating can "muffle" the pain. There is heartburn and belching.
2. The chair is black . This color "speaks" that gastric bleeding has opened.
3. Vomiting with blood.
Exacerbation of peptic ulcer is very dangerous and can lead to the formation of scar tissue, which will become an obstacle to the gastric contents in the small intestine.
If you find signs of acute ulcers, you should immediately seek medical help.
Complications of peptic ulcer
A stomach ulcer can cause the following unpleasant and very serious complications:
- Perforation or perforation. With this complication, the wall of the mucous membrane is depleted and a through hole is formed. Through this hole, the contents of the stomach penetrates the abdominal cavity. As a result, the patient is diagnosed with peritonitis, which is extremely life-threatening.
- About 80% of patients open ulcerative bleeding, the intensity of which depends on the location and extent of the lesion.
- In time, an ulcer that is not cured quickly turns into a chronic stage. Patients with chronic ulcers have to undergo a therapeutic course twice a year to stop another episode of exacerbation.
- Adhesion of adjacent organs to the stomach. In chronic ulcers of the stomach, the walls of the stomach are gradually destroyed, neighboring organs (for example, the liver) can stick to the stomach and the disease can spread further.
Signs of Perforated Gastric Ulcer
Perforation - the formation of a through hole in the walls of the stomach. The reasons for this phenomenon may be the following:
• exacerbation of chronic ulcers
• Overeating, excessive filling of the stomach with food
• Disruption of the diet (eating spicy, salty food)
• Increased gastric acidity
• Sharp physical activity
Perforated ulcer begins with a mild form and gradually goes into a difficult stage. The main symptom is severe pain, which is accompanied by various symptoms at all stages.
Signs of perforated gastric ulcer:
• Constant nausea and frequent vomiting
• Skin becomes pale
• The patient has cold sweat.
• Heart palpitations and shortness of breath appear
• The pain spreads to the entire abdomen and upper limbs.
• The body temperature rises sharply and rises a lot; it can even start a fever.
• The abdominal muscles are strained, which causes unbearable pain when touched.
In the early stages of perforation of the ulcer, the patient feels severe pain, but it can be alleviated by taking a special pose (lie down on the right god and press bent knees as close as possible to the body).
At the next stage of perforation, the patient is relieved and the pain is almost not felt. But one day after perforation, all signs of perforated ulcers are exacerbated and the patient’s condition deteriorates dramatically.
Diagnosis and treatment
For the diagnosis of gastric ulcers conduct fepds and radiography. Also, urine, feces and blood are analyzed for ultrasound and an ultrasound examination of the stomach and abdominal organs is performed. A biopsy is needed to detect Helicobacter bacteria.
Unfortunately, there is no medication yet that could cure the ulcer. Treatment should be carried out in a complex and aimed at eliminating the cause of the disease.
If the ulcer is caused by Helicobacter bacteria, the infection is first eliminated and the acidity of the gastric juice decreases.
Further treatment is aimed at restoring the damaged mucous membrane.
Ulcer treatment takes from two weeks to two months. Usually, patients are prescribed medicines Omeprazole, Amoxicillin. Clarithromycin. However, the course, duration and methods of treatment are determined by the doctor individually, depending on the severity of the disease.
If medications cause complications and if certain indicators are present, surgery may be performed.
Indicators for surgery:
• Ulcer perforation
• Heavy bleeding
• Malignant neoplasm
Folk remedies for stomach ulcers can be used at home to relieve pain only in the absence of exacerbations.
- Potato juice. Grate potatoes and squeeze to get potato juice. Dilute the juice with boiled water in a 1: 1 ratio. Drink on an empty stomach 30 minutes before breakfast.
- Plantain. This plant has a healing effect. Plantain leaves should be brewed and drunk instead of tea.
- To make the taste more pleasant, you can add some honey.
- Well helps sea buckthorn oil. It should be taken 2-3 weeks one hour before meals.
- Alleviate the symptoms of ulcers will help taking at night a glass of kefir with the addition of 1 lb. salted butter.
Food for stomach ulcers
Diet for gastric ulcer is extremely significant. It is very important to use foods that will not destroy the walls of the stomach. It is better that food be ground. Eat should be food that does not need to chew for a long time (to reduce the production of gastric juice).
Products that will worsen the condition for peptic ulcer disease:
• Fatty meat, lard
• Fried food
• Spices and seasonings
• Sausages, smoked products, preservation
• Bakery products
• Strong tea and coffee
What to eat:
• Eggs, scrambled eggs
• White bread
• Milk and vegetable soups
• Cooked vegetables
• Milk products
• Boiled meat and boiled fish
• Kashi, macaroni
• Poor tea, compote
• dogrose decoction
• Non-sour juices
• Water without gas
Compliance with the simple rules of prevention will avoid gastric ulcers and its complications:
- Stressful situations and emotional disorders should be avoided.
- Sleep is recommended not less than 8 hours a day.
- It is better to refuse or at least reduce the consumption of fatty, salty and smoked food.
- Should eat often, but in small portions (the principle of fractional power)
- Quitting smoking and alcohol
A stomach ulcer is a serious illness that can be life-threatening. It is impossible to diagnose it yourself. At detection of primary symptoms it is necessary to address doctors for statement of the diagnosis and correct treatment.