In nature, there is a wide variety of mosquitoes. Most people suffer a mosquito bite calmly and almost painlessly. However, mosquitoes can carry dangerous diseases, and their bites can cause an allergic reaction.
What you will find in this article:
Are mosquito bites dangerous?
When a mosquito bites, it pierces the skin of a person, thereby delivering unpleasant sensations. Mosquitoes - males feed on plant sap and therefore they do not attack humans. And female mosquitoes need protein for procreation. They consume it from the blood of animals and people.
A mosquito for a bite selects places with thin skin and closely spaced blood vessels.
When bitten, the female mosquito bites saliva under the skin. Saliva contains anticoagulants. These are substances that interfere with blood coagulation, as well as cause itching, redness, swelling, and in some cases a rash. Some people are more sensitive to mosquito bites.
They may experience the following symptoms:
- There are blisters in the place of prokus, with a diameter up to 10 mm
- The bitten place itches during the day or more
- Body temperature can be increased over several days.
- Swelling may occur and the bite may hurt when touched.
- Sometimes a skin rash occurs, the spots spread beyond the damaged area of the skin.
However, a person may be allergic. An even more serious danger is diseases transmitted by mosquitoes. Only certain types of mosquitoes are carriers of infection.
Is it possible to scratch mosquito bites?
If you scratch the bite site, the mosquito-female's saliva will spread, and a wound will quickly form at the site of scratching. Because of this, itching and redness increase. Therefore, the bite itches more and more.
If you comb a mosquito bite, an infection can get through the damaged skin, and infection will occur.
Small children often scratch the puncture site, which is why mosquito bites do not tolerate well. To remove itching, you can smear the damaged area of the skin with special products that are available in pharmacies.
Traces of a mosquito bite are similar to acne on the body. But the bite always has a point in the center of the hearth.
Allergic reactions in children and adults
Allergies to the bites of these insects in adults does not occur often. However, in children, especially up to three years, this is a common phenomenon, since children's immunity is not accustomed yet to struggle with saliva, which is released when a bite.
There are three main causes of allergy to mosquito bites:
- Special sensitivity
- Strong immunity reaction to substances contained in insect saliva
The mildest form of an allergic reaction is local. Manifested in the form of a blister with a liquid or a tumor. A lump may form. The skin is covered with a light pink shade.
Another body reaction to the bite is urticaria. Manifested in the form of a rash on the body and severe itching.
Severe and dangerous reaction is nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and anaphylactic shock. May also appear angioedema.
Symptoms for which you should consult a doctor
- Nausea and vomiting
- Strong red swelling of the skin at the site of the bite
- Headache, chills
- Cramps and loss of consciousness
- Choking attacks
Mosquito bite diseases
Infectious diseases, transmitted through insect bites, are mostly common in the southern countries in the tropics. Infections are transmitted with the saliva of a female mosquito. Not all mosquitoes are dangerous. However, being in the tropics, each mosquito bite should be treated carefully, because It may carry a health hazard.
Diseases that can be infected through mosquito bites:
Malaria mosquitoes (or anopheles) exist worldwide, but are especially dangerous in the tropics and subtropics. They transmit the infection through malaria plasmas.
When malaria is characterized by symptoms similar to the flu - headache, weakness, chills. A timely visit to the doctor will help to avoid serious consequences for the human body.
First aid for mosquito bites
To prevent complications, you should know how to give first aid for a mosquito bite.
- You can not touch and comb the bite, so that there is no infection.
- The place where the skin is pierced by a mosquito, you need to wash it with warm water and soap to avoid the ingress of germs and bacteria.
- Something cold can be applied to the bite.
- With allergy symptoms, an antihistamine should be taken.
To date, there are effective folk remedies that will also help in the treatment of a bite. However, before smearing the bite, you should evaluate the condition of the skin. In the case of a single bite, it is enough to attach ice.
To get rid of severe itching and swelling, you can use the following tools:
- ammonia or any product containing alcohol
- tomato or onion juice
- ointment made from powdered milk and water (1: 2)
Being in nature, the best way to avoid mosquito bites is not to attract their attention. Mosquitoes choose their prey by three attributes: appearance, smell, and increased body temperature. Most often, mosquitoes fly to blue and green. Therefore, it is better to wear clothes of lighter colors.
In the evening it is better to avoid physical exertion, because mosquitoes are attracted by the increased temperature of the human body, they react to sweating.
In the rooms on the windows and doors you can install special mosquito nets. They are sold in various sizes and are easy to attach.
So you can open the window and let in fresh air, and are not afraid that annoying mosquitoes penetrate into the room. Mosquito nets can also be replaced with regular gauze. Also on sale there are many creams, aerosols that will help protect against mosquitoes in the summer season.
Mosquito bites often do not harm the human body. His tracks disappear in a few days. But with the manifestation of allergies or other symptoms of dangerous diseases, you should immediately take the necessary measures and contact your doctor.